174 children in Malaysia developed MIS-C, after contracting COVID-19… and four died!
Find out what MIS-C is all about, and why it’s so dangerous to children with COVID-19.
Children COVID-19 Are At Risk Of Developing MIS-C
Many children who get infected with COVID-19 run the risk of getting MIS-C, which is short for Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children.
MIS-C is a condition in which multiple organs in the child becomes inflamed – heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, eyes, and the gastrointestinal organs.
While COVID-19 may generally be mild for children, many of those who develop MIS-C require ICU care and even then, it can turn deadly.
174 Children With COVID-19 Developed MIS-C, 4 Died!
On 19 February 2022, the Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) Malaysia Study Group released their results.
The group looked at MIS-C cases in 14 Malaysian hospitals from June 2020 to December 2021, and here was what they found :
- 174 children with COVID-19 suffered from MIS-C
- 100 (57%) of them were children 5-11 years in age
- The majority of cases required PICU (Paediatric Intensive Care Unit) care
- 7 (4%) of them died, despite getting PICU care
Here is the breakdown of those cases by age groups :
|Age Group||MIS-C Cases|
|< 1 year old||25 (14.4%)|
|1 to < 5 years old||38 (21.8%)|
|5 to < 9 years old||64 (36.8%)|
|9 to < 12 years old||36 (20.7%)|
|≥ 12 years old||11 (6.3%)|
While the risk of developing MIS-C from COVID-19 is low, the consequences are serious.
The majority of children developing MIS-C from COVID-19 required PICU care, and despite getting that, seven (4%) of them died.
Shockingly, all of the affected children had left ventricle dysfunction, with 68% developing shock and almost 29% developing cardiac failure requiring VA ECMO – a heart-lung machine.
Here is the breakdown of symptoms seen in children who developed MIS-C after contracting COVID-19.
|MIS-C Conditions /
|Fever > 4 days + Asthenia *||100%|
|Left ventricle dysfunction
– VA ECMO
– Coronary dilatation
– Nausea, diarrhoea
– Exploratory laparascopy
|Cervical + mesenteric
|Red and cracked lips||54%|
* Asthenia = generalised physical weakness or lack of energy
MIS-C In Children With COVID-19 : What To Look For?
Parents of children who contract COVID-19 should keep a vigilant eye out for potential symptoms of MIS-C.
Please see medical attention if your child has ongoing fever, with at least one of these symptoms :
- stomach pain
- bloodshot eyes
- dizziness or lightheadedness
- skin rash
Parents should also seek emergency care, if their child develops :
- breathing difficulties
- persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- inability to wake, or stay awake
- pale, grey, or blue-coloured skin, lips or nail beds
How To Prevent MIS-C In Children With COVID-19?
The easiest and most effective way to prevent MIS-C in children, is to prevent them getting COVID-19 in the first place.
However, those measures can only do so much against highly-contagious variants. It is also very important that children be fully-vaccinated against COVID-19.
The approved Pfizer paediatric vaccine for COVID-19 is 90% effective in preventing COVID-19 in children 5-11 years in age, while the Pfizer vaccine for adolescents and adults are 95% effective against COVID-19.
So protect your children against MIS-C, by vaccinating them against COVID-19!
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